Anthony Lake (Baker)
Reachcode: 17050203001854 | Area: 18.4 acres | Shoreline: 0.7 mi | View on Interactive Map
(From Atlas of Oregon Lakes, Johnson et al. 1985). Anthony Lake, only 22 acres in size, is the largest of several lakes in the Anthony Lakes Recreation Area in the Elkhorn Mountains of eastern Oregon. This is a beautiful alpine region of rugged peaks and high mountain meadows, streams and lakes, and is a favorite attraction for outdoor enthusiasts in the summer. The Elkhorn Mountains, like the other high mountain areas of Oregon, were covered by glaciers during The Pleistocene Epoch and modern landforms owe their distinctive characteristics to the erosional and depositional action of the ice. Glaciers flowed slowly down the mountain valleys, and moraines formed at their termini. Later, as the ice retreated, the moraines served as dams to impound the flow of streams and form beautiful mountain lakes. Anthony Lake was formed in this manner, supplied by the headwaters of Anthony Creek, a tributary of the North Powder River. The small rugged drainage basin consists of granitic rock types covered with thin soils. A lush coniferous forest surrounds the lake, becoming less dense at higher elevations where rock outcrops predominate. Angell Peak at 8646 feet elevation is the high point in the drainage basin.
Fishing in Anthony Lake is good for stocked rainbow trout, and native eastern brook trout are also caught. Several good Forest Service campgrounds surround the lake and there is also a private resort with accomomodations, supplies, and boats available. A public boat ramp is on the south shore; no motor boats are allowed. The small lake is quite shallow with a mean depth of about 10 feet and a maximum depth of about 32 feet. Most of the shoreline is rocky, but there are shallow deltas where the streams from Hoffer Lakes and Lily Pad Lake enter. Emergent macrophytes cover most of these delta areas. Water quality in the lake is excellent. The concentrations of major ions, phytoplankton populations, and natural biological productivity are all low; and the water is very transparent. Anthony Lake is distinctly oligotrophic.