Cleawox Lake (Lane)
Reachcode: 17100207000080 | Area: 76.5 acres | Shoreline: 5.5 mi | View on Interactive Map
(From Atlas of Oregon Lakes, Johnson et al. 1985). Cleawox Lake is a very popular recreational lake on the central Oregon coast and is one of the components of the Jessie M. Honeyman State Park; Woahink Lake is the other key component of the park. The name Cleawox is certainly an Indian word but its meaning is unknown. As with many other coastal lakes Cleawox was formed by the ponding of the headwaters of a small coastal stream that was submerged during the post-glacial rise in sea level and subsequently blocked by migrating sand dunes. It is in a drainage separate from that of the adjacent Siltcoos-Woahink system. More than half of the western shore is bordered by actively advancing sand dunes that have overpassed the earlier masses responsible for the lake's impoundment. These dunes are estimated to be moving northward at 15 to 20 feet per year, gradually encroaching on the lake from this side. Inflow to Cleawox Lake is by seepage and from a few small surface streams. No surface outflow is apparent, and the regional water level varies seasonally, primarily in response to fluctuations in the water table. The drainage basin is covered with a pine and scrub complex common to this part of the Oregon coast where well-drained, sandy soils predominate.
Shoreline ownership around Cleawox Lake is in part federal (a two mile stretch of the Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area), in part state (one mile frontage of Honeyman State Park), and the rest private. On the northeast shoreline there are several vacation homesites and a girl scout camp. The lake receives heavy recreational use in the form of swimming, canoeing and picnicking by park visitors. However, fishing pressure is light. Warm water species are present in relatively small numbers, and rainbow and cutthroat trout are planted annually. There is no overnight camping at the lake itself, but a large state park campground is located a few hundred yards south of the lake.
Cleawox Lake is slightly saltier than most other coastal lakes. Nevertheless, it is among the most transparent of all the coastal lakes; thus, it is classified as oligotrophic. Phytoplankton found in the lake are associated with both mesotrophic and oligotrophic lakes. The flagellate Dinobryon sertularia was the dominant form found when sampling the lake on 8/16/82. The presence of mayflies also suggests more oligotrophic conditions. Because it is a shallow lake, there is an extensive growth of macrophytes on the bottom, except on the west side where the sand dunes are actively intruding on the shoreline. With a continued increase in use of the lake and an increasing number of septic tanks associated with the development of real estate on the northeast shore, it is likely that Cleawox Lake will become progressively more eutrophic.
The list of plants below includes results of aquatic plant surveys conducted by the Center for Lakes and Reservoirs as well as aquatic invasive plant species detections that have been reported to iMap Invasives: an online, GIS-based invasive species reporting and querying tool.
Plants listed in the table below are categorized as native to Oregon, on the Oregon Department of Agriculture’s (ODA’s) Noxious Weed List, on the Federal Noxious Weed List, or non-native but not listed as noxious. Federal Noxious Weed List plants are plants determined by USDA to be serious threats to U.S. agriculture, irrigation, navigation, public health or the environment (7 C.F.R. 360.200). The ODA Noxious Weed categories are:
ODA Class A - weeds either unknown or with small enough infestations to make eradication or containment possible; targeted for eradication or intensive control.
ODA Class B - regionally abundant weeds (may have limited distribution in some counties); targeted for local/regional control on case-by-case basis.
|-||Sparganium sp. (bur-reed)||Native||CLR|
|-||Utricularia vulgaris (common bladderwort)||Native||CLR|
|-||Ranunculus flammula (creeping buttercup)||Native||CLR|
|-||Potamogeton natans (floating leaf pondweed)||Native||CLR|
|-||Nymphaea odorata (fragrant waterlily)||Non-native||CLR|
|-||Potamogeton amplifolius (large-leaf pondweed)||Native||CLR|
|-||Lilaeopsis occidentalis (lilaeopsis)||Native||CLR|
|-||Chara sp. (muskwort)||Native||CLR|
|-||Callitriche stagnalis (pond water-starwort)||Non-native||CLR|
|-||Potamogeton epihydrus (ribbonleaf pondweed)||Native||CLR|
|-||Juncus supiniformis (spreading rush)||Native||CLR|
|-||Nitella sp. (stonewort)||Native||CLR|
|-||Schoenoplectus subterminalis (water clubrush)||Native||CLR|
|-||Ludwigia palustris (water-purslane)||Native||CLR|
|-||Nuphar polysepala (yellow water-lily)||Native||CLR|
|July 7, 2004||Nymphaea odorata (fragrant waterlily)||Non-native||IMAP|
|July 7, 2004||Callitriche stagnalis (pond water-starwort)||Non-native||IMAP|